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Flash

DefineFont2

Tag Info
Tag Number: 
48
Tag Type: 
Define
Tag Flash Version: 
3
Brief Description: 

Define a list of glyphs using shapes and other font metric information.

Tag Structure: 
struct swf_definefont2 {
	swf_tag			f_tag;		/* 48 or 75 */
	unsigned short		f_font2_id;
	unsigned		f_font2_has_layout : 1;
	if(version >= 6) {
		unsigned	f_font2_reserved : 1;
		if(version >= 7) {
			unsigned	f_font2_small_text : 1;
		}
		unsigned	f_font2_reserved : 1;
	}
	else {
		unsigned	f_font2_shiftjis : 1;
		unsigned	f_font2_unicode : 1;
		unsigned	f_font2_ansii : 1;
	}
	unsigned		f_font2_wide_offsets : 1;
	unsigned		f_font2_wide : 1;	/* always 1 in v6.x+ */
	unsigned		f_font2_italic : 1;
	unsigned		f_font2_bold : 1;
	if(version >= 6) {
		unsigned char	f_font2_language;
	}
	else {
		unsigned char	f_font2_reserved;
	}
	unsigned char		f_font2_name_length;
	unsigned char		f_font2_name[f_font2_name_length];
	unsigned short		f_font2_glyphs_count;
	if(f_font2_wide_offsets) {
		unsigned long		f_font2_offsets[f_font2_glyphs_count];
		unsigned long		f_font2_map_offset;
	}
	else {
		unsigned short		f_font2_offsets[f_font2_glyphs_count];
		unsigned short		f_font2_map_offset;
	}
	swf_shape		f_font2_shapes[f_font2_glyphs_count];
	if(f_font_info_wide) {
		unsigned short		f_font2_map[f_font2_glyphs_count];
	}
	else {
		unsigned char		f_font2_map[f_font2_glyphs_count];
	}
	if(f_font2_has_layout) {
		signed short		f_font2_ascent;
		signed short		f_font2_descent;
		signed short		f_font2_leading_height;
		signed short		f_font2_advance[f_font2_glyphs_count];
		swf_rect		f_font2_bounds[f_font2_glyphs_count];
		signed short		f_font2_kerning_count;
		swf_kerning		f_font2_kerning[f_font2_kerning_count];
	}
};
/* DefineFont3 is the same as DefineFont2 */
typedef struct swf_definefont2 swf_definefont3;

It is common to use the DefineFont2 tag in order to create an array of shapes later re-used to draw strings of text on the screen. This tag must be used whenever a DefineEditText references a font; and in that case it is suggested you include a full description of the font with layouts.

DefineTextFormat

Tag Info
Tag Number: 
42
Tag Type: 
Define
Tag Flash Version: 
1
Brief Description: 

Another tag that Flash ended up not using.

Tag Structure: 

Unknown

This tag is not defined in the Flash documents. It should not be used in your movies.

ProductInfo

Tag Info
Tag Number: 
41
Tag Type: 
Define
Tag Flash Version: 
3
Brief Description: 

This tag defines information about the product used to generate the animation. The product identifier should be unique among all the products. The info includes a product identifier, a product edition, a major and minor version, a build number and the date of compilation. All of this information is all about the generator, not the output movie.

Tag Structure: 
struct swf_metadata {
	swf_tag			f_tag;		/* 41 */
	long			f_product_id;
	long			f_edition;
	unsigned char		f_major_version;
	unsigned char		f_minor_version;
	long long		f_build_number;
	long long		f_compilation_date;
};

The ProductInfo tag stores information about the tool used to generate the Flash animation. This is ignored by flash players (unless it knows of problems in the generators...)

The f_product_id is expected to be a unique identifier for all the products which can possibly generate an SWF output file.

DefineSprite

Tag Info
Tag Number: 
39
Tag Type: 
Define
Tag Flash Version: 
3
Brief Description: 

Declares an animated character. This is similar to a shape with a display list so the character can be changing on its own over time.

Tag Structure: 
struct swf_definesprite {
	swf_tag			f_tag;		/* 39 */
	unsigned short		f_sprite_id;
	unsigned short		f_frame_count;
	...			<data>;
	swf_tag			f_end;
};

A sprite is a set of SWF tags defining an animated object which can then be used as a simple object. A sprite cannot contain another sprite. hHowever, you can use PlaceObject2 to place a sprite in another.

The following are the tags accepted in a Sprite:

Appendix B — History of the SSWF reference

Dec 2, 2009

Moved the monolithic documentation to a multi-page hierarchical document that includes everything we had before plus many links, many terms attached to all pages (tags, English words.) And revision of most of the text for better English and clarification in some places.

Strengthen the formatting with CCK fields so all declarations look alike.

Broken up the actions from one large table to a set of pages.

Dec 14, 2008

Started work on the Load() feature of the SSWF library. This helped fixing several small mistakes in the documentation.

May 18, 2008

Fixed the ...

The SSWF Project

The SWF Reference by Alexis is part of the free SSWF project.

This documentation is intended for people who want to program a Flash player, editor, or some similar tool handling Flash data.

The project comes with a complete C++ library that is designed to greatly simplify the generation and loading of Flash files.

Appendix A — The geometry in SWF

This appendix describes different aspects of the geometry in Flash. Note that some of the description uses 3D matrices. It is rather easy to simplify them and use just and only 2D matrices. The simplifications can usually be such that only 2 or 3 operations are required to get the proper coordinates used to render objects.

Remember that Flash uses TWIPs and thus you certainly will want to use floating points to make it easy on you.

SWF Actions

The pages defined below include all the actions defined in Flash.

Different actions are supported in different version, so please, look at the version when attempting to use that action.

Some actions have been deprecated and should not be used in newer version of Flash (mainly the untyped operators.)

There are two schemes supported in Flash 9 and over: ActionScript 2 and 3 (also referenced as AS2 and AS3.)

SWF Action 3 (swf_action3)

SWF Structure Info
Tag Flash Version: 
9
SWF Structure: 

Not documented here yet.

Since Flash version 9, actions can be saved in a new format named abcFormat by the Tamarin project from the Mozilla organization.

The code itself (action script) is the same, but the structure of an swf_action3 holds object oriented information about classes, methods and such in a really clean way (really! in comparison to the old way, that's dead clean!).

At this time, the swf_action3 structure is documented in the abcFormat.html file.

I will duplicate and test the structures at a later time.

SWF Any Filter (swf_any_filter)

SWF Structure Info
Tag Flash Version: 
8
SWF Structure: 
/* the filter type */
struct swf_filter_type {
	unsigned char	f_type;
};

struct swf_filter_glow {
	swf_filter_type	f_type;		/* 0, 2, 3, 4 or 7 */
	if(f_type == GradientGlow || f_type == GradientBevel) {
		unsigned char		f_count;
	}
	else {
		f_count = 1;
	}
	swf_rgba		f_rgba[f_count];
	if(f_type == Bevel) {
		swf_rgba		f_highlight_rgba[f_count];
	}
	if(f_type == GradientGlow || f_type == GradientBevel) {
		unsigned char		f_position[f_count];
	}
	signed long fixed	f_blur_horizontal;
	signed long fixed	f_blur_vertical;
	if(f_type != Glow) {
		signed long fixed	f_radian_angle;
		signed long fixed	f_distance;
	}
	signed short fixed	f_strength;
	unsigned		f_inner_shadow : 1;
	unsigned		f_knock_out : 1;
	unsigned		f_composite_source : 1;
	if(f_type == Bevel) {
		unsigned		f_on_top : 1;
	}
	else {
		unsigned		f_reserved : 1;
	}
	if(f_type == GradientGlow || f_type == GradientBevel) {
		unsigned		f_passes : 4;
	}
	else {
		unsigned		f_reserved : 4;
	}
};

struct swf_filter_blur {
	swf_filter_type		f_type;	/* 1 */
	unsigned long fixed	f_blur_horizontal;
	unsigned long fixed	f_blur_vertical;
	unsigned		f_passes : 5;
	unsigned		f_reserved : 3;
};

struct swf_filter_convolution {
	swf_filter_type	f_type;		/* 5 */
	unsigned char	f_columns;
	unsigned char	f_rows;
	long float	f_divisor;
	long float	f_bias;
	long float	f_weights[f_columns × f_rows];
	swf_rgba	f_default_color;
	unsigned	f_reserved : 6;
	unsigned	f_clamp : 1;
	unsigned	f_preserve_alpha : 1;
};

struct swf_filter_colormatrix {
	swf_filter_type	f_type;		/* 6 */
	long float	f_matrix[20];
};

struct swf_any_filter {
	swf_filter_type			f_fitler_type;
	swf_filter_blur			f_filter_blur;
	swf_filter_colormatrix		f_filter_colormatrix;
	swf_filter_convolution		f_filter_convolution;
	swf_filter_glow			f_filter_glow;
};

A filter defines how to transform the objects it is attached to. The first byte is the filter type. The data following depend on the type. Because each filter is much different, they are defined in separate structures. You can attach a filter to an object using an ActionScript or the PlaceObject3 tag.

The following describes the different filters available since version 8.